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5th International Conference on Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, will be organized around the theme “Exploring the Emerging Trends in the Realm of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry”
Physical Chemistry 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Physical Chemistry 2018
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Theoretical chemistry is the discipline that uses quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, and statistical mechanics to explain the structures and dynamics of chemical systems and to correlate, understand, and predict their thermodynamic and kinetic properties. Modern theoretical chemistry may be roughly divided into the study of chemical structure and the study of chemical dynamics. The former includes studies of: (a) electronic structure, potential energy surfaces, and force fields; (b) vibrational-rotational motion; and (c) equilibrium properties of condensed-phase systems and macro-molecules. Chemical dynamics includes: (a) bimolecular kinetics and the collision theory of reactions and energy transfer; (b) unimolecular rate theory and metastable states; and (c) condensed-phase and macromolecular aspects of dynamics.
- Track 1-1Theoretical Chemical Kinetics
- Track 1-2Molecular Modelling
- Track 1-3Molecular Mechanics
- Track 1-4Cheminformatics
- Track 1-5Molecular Dynamics
- Track 1-6Mathematical Chemistry
- Track 1-7Theoretical Chemistry Advances and Perspectives
- Track 1-8Quantum Mechanics
- Track 1-9Theoretical Experimental Chemistry
- Track 1-10Chemical Dynamics
- Track 1-11Ab initio and Electronic Structure Methods
- Track 1-12Monte Carlo simulations
- Track 1-13Statistical Mechanics
Physical Chemistry is the branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances. It is one of the traditional sub-disciplines of chemistry and is related with the application of the concepts and theories of physics to the study of the chemical properties and reactive behaviour of matter.
- Track 2-1Complex Compounds
- Track 2-2Chemical Thermodynamics
- Track 2-3Electrolysis
- Track 2-4Physical Chemistry of Plasma
- Track 2-5Potentiostat and Its Applications
- Track 2-6Intermolecular Forces
- Track 2-7Electrophoresis
- Track 2-8Electrochemical Cells
- Track 2-9Electrosynthesis
- Track 2-10Graphene and Fullerenes
Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules employs the combined principles of physical chemistry to define the behaviour, structure, and intermolecular effects of macromolecules in both solution and bulk states. It emphasizes the statistical measures of structure and weight distribution, and also discusses structural, dynamic, and optical properties of macromolecules in solution.
- Track 3-1Applications of Physical Chemistry on Macromolecules
- Track 3-2Electrostatic Interactions in Macromolecule Solutions
- Track 3-3Distribution of Molecular Weight
- Track 3-4Polymers on Surface
- Track 3-5High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Electrophoresis
- Track 3-6Synthesis of Macromolecular Compounds
- Track 3-7Macromolecular Thermodynamics
- Track 3-8Particle Size Determination
- Track 3-9Polymers in Solution
- Track 3-10Physical Chemistry of Foods
Chemical physics is a sub field of chemistry and physics that investigates physicochemical phenomena using techniques from molecular and atomic physics and condensed matter physics; it is the branch of physics that studies chemical processes from the point of perspective of physics. While at the interface of physics and chemistry, chemical physics is distinct from physical chemistry in that it focuses more on the typical elements and theories of physics. Meanwhile, physical chemistry observes the physical nature of chemistry. Nonetheless, the distinction between the two fields is vague, and workers usually practice in both fields during the course of their research.
- Track 4-1Electromagnetism
- Track 4-2Nuclear and Particle Physics
- Track 4-3Atomic Systems
- Track 4-4Quantum Mechanics and Symmetry
- Track 4-5Coordination Chemistry
- Track 4-6Superconductivity
- Track 4-7Waves and Diffraction
Chemistry, by its very nature, is related with change. Substances with well-defined properties are converted by chemical reactions into other substances with distinct properties. For any chemical reaction, chemists try to find out the practicality of a chemical reaction which can be predicted by thermodynamics, extent to which a reaction will continue can be determined from chemical equilibrium and speed of a reaction i.e. time taken by a reaction to reach equilibrium. Along with viability and extent, it is equally important to know the rate and the factors controlling the rate of a chemical reaction for its thorough understanding. For example, which parameters determine as to how rapidly food gets spoiled? How to design a rapidly setting material for dental filling? Or what controls the rate at which fuel ignites in an auto engine? All these questions can be answered by the branch of chemistry, which deals with the study of reaction rates and their mechanisms, called chemical kinetics.
- Track 5-1Rate of Chemical Reaction
- Track 5-2Integrated Rate Equation
- Track 5-3Collision Theory
- Track 5-4Order and Molecularity of Reaction
- Track 5-5Temperature Dependence of Reaction
- Track 5-6Catalysts
Surface science is the study of physical and chemical phenomenon that occur at the interface of two phases, including solid–liquid interfaces, solid–gas interfaces, solid–vacuum interfaces, and liquid–gas interfaces. It includes the fields of surface chemistry and surface physics. Surface chemistry can be roughly defined as the study of chemical reactions at interfaces. It is closely associated to surface engineering, which aims at modifying the chemical composition of a surface by incorporation of selected elements or functional groups that generate various desired effects or improvements in the properties of the surface or interface. Surface science is of specific importance to the fields of heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, and geochemistry.
- Track 6-1Surface Characterisation and Metrology
- Track 6-2Nanoscale Tribology
- Track 6-3Surface Imaging & Depth Profiling
- Track 6-4Surface Integrity
- Track 6-5Lubrication and Lubricants
- Track 6-6Coatings and Surface Treatments
- Track 6-7Interface Temperatures of Sliding Surfaces
Femtochemistry is the field of physical chemistry that studies chemical reactions on extremely short timescales, about 10−15 seconds. The steps in some reactions occur in the femtosecond timescale and sometimes in attosecond timescales, and will few times form intermediate products. These intermediate products cannot always be concluded from observing the starting and end products. Femtochemistry enables exploration of which chemical reactions take place, and investigates why few reactions occur but not others. The resolution in time of the elementary dynamics (femtochemistry) offers an opportunity to observe a molecular system in the continuous process of its evolution from reactants to transition states and then to products. Application of femtochemistry in biological studies has helped to elucidate the conformational dynamics of stem-loop RNA structures.
- Track 7-1Laser Femtochemistry
- Track 7-2Femtotechnology
- Track 7-3Ultrafast Electron Diffraction
- Track 7-4Solvation Dynamics
- Track 7-5Chemical Dynamics
- Track 7-6Electron & Proton Transfer
- Track 7-7Time-resolved X-Rays
Spectroscopy is study of the absorption and emission of light and other radiation by matter, as related to the dependence of these procedures on the wavelength of the radiation. More recently, the definition has been expanded to include the study of the relations between particles such as electrons, protons, and ions, as well as their interaction with other particles as a role of their collision energy. Spectroscopic analysis has been crucial in the development of the most fundamental hypothesis in physics, including quantum mechanics, the special and general theories of relativity, and quantum electrodynamics. Spectroscopy, as applied to high-energy collisions, has been a key tool in developing scientific consideration not only of the electromagnetic force but also of the strong and weak nuclear forces.
- Track 8-1Electromagnetic Radiation and Its Interactions
- Track 8-2Molecular Symmetry
- Track 8-3Mass Spectrometry
- Track 8-4Vibrational Spectroscopy
- Track 8-5Rotational Spectroscopy
- Track 8-6Raman Spectroscopy
- Track 8-7Electronic Spectroscopy
- Track 8-8Femtosecond Spectroscopy
- Track 8-9Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Track 8-10Infrared Spectroscopy
- Track 8-11Molecular Spectroscopy
The study of chemical reactions, isomerizations and physical behavior that may occur under the influence of visible and/or ultraviolet light is known as Photochemistry. Photochemistry is the underlying mechanism for all of photobiology. When a molecule absorbs a photon of light, its electronic constitution changes, and it reacts differently with other molecules. The energy that is absorbed from light can effect in photochemical changes in the absorbing molecule, or in an adjacent molecule (e.g., photosensitization). The energy can also be set off as heat, or as lower energy light, i.e., fluorescence or phosphorescence, in order to give back the molecule to its ground state. Each type of molecule has a different preference for which of these different mechanisms it utilizes to get rid of absorbed photon energy, e.g., some prefer fluorescence over chemistry.
The Basic Laws of Photochemistry are,
- The first law of photochemistry, the Grotthuss-Draper law, states that light must be absorbed by a compound in order for a photochemical reaction to occur.
- The second law of photochemistry, the Stark-Einstein law, states that for every photon of light absorbed by a chemical system, only one molecule is activated for subsequent reaction. This "photoequivalence law" was derived by Albert Einstein throughout his development of the quantum (photon) theory of light.
- Track 9-1Photoelectrochemical Cell
- Track 9-2Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
- Track 9-3Photochemical Reactions and Their Kinetics
- Track 9-4Photoelectric Effect
- Track 9-5Photoelectrochemistry
- Track 9-6Photoprocesses
- Track 9-7Photophysics
Quantum chemistry is a field of chemistry whose primary focus is the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and experiments of chemical systems. It is also known as molecular quantum mechanics. Quantum chemistry is the application of quantum mechanical theories and equations to the study of molecules. In order to understand matter at its most fundamental measure, we must utilize quantum mechanical models and methods. There are two aspects of quantum mechanics that make it differ from previous models of matter. The first is the concept of wave-particle duality; that is, the notion that we want to think of very small objects (such as electrons) as having characteristics of both particles and waves. Second, quantum mechanical models precisely predict that the energy of atoms and molecules is always quantized, meaning that they may have only certain amounts of energy. Quantum chemical theories allow us to elucidate the structure of the periodic table, and quantum chemical calculations allow us to accurately predict the structures of molecules and the spectroscopic behaviour of atoms and molecules.
- Track 10-1Photonics and Non-linear Optics
- Track 10-2QM/MM Calculations and Solvation Models
- Track 10-3Quantum Monte-Carlo
- Track 10-4Reaction Mechanisms and Rates
- Track 10-5Density Functional Theory
- Track 10-6Electron Scattering
- Track 10-7Structure and Dynamics of Biomolecules
- Track 10-8Electronic Structure Calculations
- Track 10-9Quantum Mechanics
Solid-state chemistry, also sometimes mentioned to as materials chemistry, is the study of the synthesis, structure, and properties of solid phase materials, peculiarly, but not necessarily exclusively of, non-molecular solids. Solid-state chemistry continues to play an amplifying role in an astounding array of disciplines. As the discovery of new physical phenomena has often depended on the progression of new materials, the synthesis of new solid-state materials and kinetically solid composites with optimized properties is of central importance. While solid-state materials have historically been developed through high temperature solid-state reactions, generally affording the most thermodynamically stable phases, a variety of techniques have been developed to master the limitations inherent in this traditional approach.
- Track 11-1Condensed Matter Physics
- Track 11-2Colloids
- Track 11-3Solid State Synthesis
- Track 11-4Diffraction Techniques
- Track 11-5Catalysis
- Track 11-6Structural Chemistry
- Track 11-7Energy Technologies
- Track 11-8Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites
- Track 11-9Magnetism
- Track 11-10Conducting Solids
- Track 11-11Atomistic Simulation
- Track 11-12Surfactants
- Track 11-13Optical and Photovoltaic Materials
- Track 11-14Theoretical Approaches to Solid-state Chemistry
Thermochemistry is the study of the heat liberated or absorbed as a result of chemical reactions. It is a branch of thermodynamics and is used by a wide range of scientists and engineers. Thermochemistry focuses on these energy changes, particularly on the system's energy exchange with its surroundings. For example, biochemists use thermochemistry to understand bioenergetics, whereas chemical engineers apply thermochemistry to depict manufacturing plants. Chemical reactions involve the conversion of a set of substances inclusively referred to as "reactants" to a set of substances collectively referred to as "products."
- Track 12-1Thermodynamics
- Track 12-2Calorimetry
- Track 12-3Thermochemical Sensors
- Track 12-4Enthalpy
- Track 12-5Batteries
- Track 12-6Energy
- Track 12-7Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
Biophysical chemistry is a physical science that uses the concepts of physics and physical chemistry for the study of biological systems. The most common feature of the research in this subject is to seek explanation of the various phenomena in biological systems in terms of either the molecules that make up the system or the supra-molecular structure of these systems. Biophysical chemists employ various techniques used in physical chemistry to probe the structure of biological systems. These techniques include spectroscopic methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and X-ray diffraction.
- Track 13-1Genomic Biophysics
- Track 13-2Physical Chemistry with Applications to the Life Sciences
- Track 13-3Molecular Imaging
- Track 13-4Bioelectrochemistry: Fundamentals, Applications and Recent Developments
- Track 13-5Thermodynamics and Kinetics
- Track 13-6Cell Biophysics
- Track 13-7Computational Biophysics
- Track 13-8Biomaterials
- Track 13-9Membrane Potentials, Transporters, and Channels
- Track 13-10Biomolecular Modeling
- Track 13-11Nanoscale Biophysics